Regular Periodontal Gum Evaluation Is The Key to Prevent Periodontal Diseases
In simple terms, periodontal disease can be defined as a disease that begins due to excessive plaque bacteria on the gums. It begins as a bacterial infection and if left untreated for a long time, it can develop into a serious disease called periodontitis. In the beginning, gum tissues become red and remain irritated. In such cases, it is known as gingivitis.
It is estimated that over 60% of the adult population is affected by periodontal issues. It is also known as one of the leading causes of loss of teeth in adults. It has also been linked to osteoporosis, diabetes, heart disease and pulmonary diseases. Pregnant women who suffer from this disease have increased chances of having a baby that is too small or of giving premature birth.
The good news is that it is a treatable disease and periodontal gum evaluation can help in preventing and treating this disease.
One of the biggest reasons for development of this disease is that the sufferer feels almost no pain during the initial stages. Therefore, it is difficult to detect. Some of the symptoms of periodontal disease are as follows.
- Loose teeth
- Space between teeth that keeps increasing
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath that does not go away
- Receding gums
Causes of Periodontal Diseases
There are various types of bacteria in our mouth. These bacteria combined with the other particles in the amount, keep forming a colorless micro biofilm on the teeth that is commonly known as plaque. Regular brushing helps us in getting rid of this plaque. However, if this micro biofilm is not removed on a regular basis, it hardens and leads to formation of tartar that cannot be cleaned by a brushing. Only dentist can remove it.
Other than complete absence of oral care, medication may also result in the formation of tartar. There are some medications such as those used for treatment of depression, anxiety and OCD that may result in the decrease of saliva flow in the mouth. The lack of saliva makes the removal of this micro biofilm on the teeth difficult and it may lead to periodontal diseases.
Periodontal Diseases Treatment
There are many different treatments available for treating this gum disease. The goal of the dentist is to control the bacterial infection. Therefore, the treatment prescribed by the dentist will depend on the extent of the infection. However, it is important to ensure excellent oral care at all times. Dentist may also prescribe certain lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, alcohol and making other such changes related to better oral health.
In the first part of the treatment, the periodontist begins removing the hardened plaque using a deep cleaning method. These methods involve removal of tartar along the gum line. It also involves getting rid of the spots at the root of the teeth where germs may be present. Laser therapy may also be used by the periodontist to get rid of plaque and tartar. Laser treatment has been found to be more comfortable as compared to other deep cleaning methods.
Once deep cleaning has been done, your dentist may prescribe several medications in the form of antiseptic chip, antibiotic gels or microspheres that help in slowly releasing the medication.
If the above treatments do not result in removal of plaque and tartar, the dentist may have to resort to surgery. The dentist may also prescribe bone and tissue grafts.
However, all of these can be avoided by maintaining proper oral care and getting regular periodontal gum evaluation. Regular visit to a dentist is essential. You should get in touch with a dentist or periodontist if you start showing any of the above-mentioned symptoms.
A proper periodontal gum evaluation will help you determine whether you are suffering from any of the periodontal diseases and what treatment should be taken to get rid of this gum disease. It is a preventable disease and good oral care is the key to prevention.
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